How To Become a Medical Coder

Information Last Verified: August 10, 2021 by Jordan Fabel

If you want to play an important part in the healthcare system, you want to become a medical coder. As a medical coder, you will earn a nice salary and get started with little or no experience. Many companies hire medical coders with no experience, and there are plenty of opportunities available.

Medical coders are in high demand. You will be a part of the behind-the-scenes system in a healthcare facility. Let’s look at the necessary steps to help you become a medical coder.

How To Become a Medical Coder

How to Become a Medical Coder in Five Steps

Step #1 – Make Sure you Meet the Basic Requirements

It starts with a high school diploma or equivalent, but you will need a little bit more. You won’t need a bachelor’s degree, however.

If you want to become a medical coder, you will need to pass a background check. Those with criminal histories, including sexual crimes or drug offenses, will likely not land a medical coder job.

Step #2 – Complete the Necessary Medical Coding Training

If you meet the basic requirements, you’ll need to complete the right training. For example, medical coders don’t require a degree, but they will need the right type of training. Some employers will require an associate degree, but it’s not always necessary.

Getting your Medical Coding Certificate is a big step towards becoming a medical coder. You can complete this program in as little as nine months with the right program.

Medical coding courses include:

With these courses and the others included in this program, you will learn to work as a medical coder. You can even handle the medical coding training online and fit it into your regular schedule.

Step #3 – Earn Your Medical Coding Certificate

After you graduate from a medical coding certificate program, you will still need to get certified. If you want to get certified, you have a few common options to choose from, including:

If you want to specialize as a medical coder, you can pursue a specific medical coding certification. This can include general surgery, ambulatory care, family practice, anesthesia, or a few others.

Certification will require you to pass an exam. Once you become certified, you will likely gain better job prospects.

Step #4 – Gain some On-The-Job Experience

Gaining a few years of experience as a medical coder can help you expand your options. It can also help you get your feet wet before you decide to specialize. Gaining experience can help you decide the type of work setting you prefer, as well.

Step #5 – Earn More Certifications

After you have gained some work experience, you might decide to specialize. You can choose to gain another certification to increase your job opportunities and your earning potential.

Make sure you look into each certification and how it will help you advance your career. There are several options, and this is your opportunity to specialize in an area you prefer.

Most In-Demand Technical Skills for Medical Coders

If you want to make sure you can land the best medical coding job, you need to have the right technical skills. There are certain skills medical coders need to have. Many employers want to know that you have skills in the following:

This may seem like a rather large list, but many of these skills will be gained during your medical coding certificate program. It’s also helpful if you have experience with Microsoft Office, good computer literacy, and good research skills.

Top Companies That Hire Medical Coders

Many healthcare companies will hire medical coders regularly. They need coders to help keep things moving smoothly. Each company may have different requirements for this position.

Some of the top companies that hire medical coders regularly include:

These companies and many others will hire medical coders. Once you have your certification, you can check for job listings from these top companies and many others.

Top Benefits of Becoming a Medical Coder

Ability to Work from Home

You will have the ability to work from home if you become a medical coder. This is different from many other healthcare professions. Working remotely can help you gain better work-life balance and job satisfaction. Plus, it allows you to set your own hours, to an extent.

Gain Healthcare Industry Experience

As a medical coder, your skills will become transferable. If you decide to work in a healthcare position in the future, you will already know the medical codes. This can help you with your next position if you decide to move into another area of healthcare.

Help Make a Difference

As a medical coder, you can play a big role in the healthcare system. You can help to ensure reimbursements and payments are handled properly. Your job is vital to the industry, and you will make an impact.

Work in Many Different Settings

Medical coders can work for hospitals, nursing homes, physician offices, and other healthcare facilities. You can choose from many different environments to fit your specific needs.

A career as a medical coder offers many different benefits. However, these four benefits are just the start.

Difference Between Medical Coding and Medical Billing

While you will process some things necessary for medical billing, a medical coder is not a medical biller. Medical coding comes first in the process. As a medical coder, you will use the right codes for each service provided.

After a medical coder is done, the medical billing department will process the information the coder provided. Then, they will turn it into a bill, which is sent to the insurance company for evaluation. After the insurance company has evaluated the bill, it will go back to the medical billing department. They will then charge the patient for any portion they must pay.

Frequently Asked Questions About Becoming a Medical Coder

What will I do if I become a medical coder?

As a medical coder, you will work with health information by translating physician’s reports into a code known as the universal medical alphanumeric code. Then, you will use the knowledge you gain from thousands of medical codes to code medical records for insurance and billing purposes. Basically, as a medical coder, you are a unique type of translator.

Do medical coders have to complete continuing education?

Specific medical coding certifications will require continuing education. It’s common to complete around 20 hours of continuing education courses every two years. The hours you need to complete will depend on the certifications you hold.

What type of skills do I need to become a medical coder?

If you want to become a medical coder, you will need the right skills. Working on your own is very important, along with great attention to detail. It’s also necessary to have good typing skills and phone etiquette.

How much does a medical coder earn each year?

As a medical coder, you can earn an average yearly salary of about $44K. However, this can be much higher as you gain experience. Your salary will depend on the type of facility you work for, your experience, and your location.

What’s the work environment for a medical coder like?

Most medical coders will likely work for doctor’s offices, hospitals, and clinics. So while you can work from home as a medical coder, you might also work in a healthcare facility.

It’s common to spend hours sitting at a desk in front of a computer. Medical coders commonly work with physicians and supervisors.

What is the cost to become a medical coder?

The cost to become a medical coder depends on the program you choose. The average community college program will cost around $3,500 per year. Other college programs for medical coding can range from $4,200 to $19,500.

Your certifications will also come with a cost. Most certification programs and exams will range from $125 to $300. In addition, you may also need to pay regular renewal fees and fees for continuing education courses.


If you want to become a medical coder, you can use this guide to help. The step-by-step guide for how to become a medical coder can give you just what you need. With the right skills and training, you can become a medical coder and enjoy a rewarding career.

Jordan Fabel

Jordan Fabel

Covering different 'paths' that people's lives can take. Creative, foster parent, ticket dismissal, you get the idea. Exploring the requirements, certifications, exams, and obviously, approved courses along each path. I, personally, am the high school dropout son of two teacher parents. So how did I get here? That story takes more time. Coming soon!