Pharmacy Tech

By Jordan Fabel •  Updated: February 23, 2022  •  22 min read  •  Health
Approved Course is reader-supported. If you buy through links on our site, we may earn a small commission.

A pharmacy technician can make $31,750 a year without having to attend any college or secondary schooling.

Not only is this a good starting job, but it can also help you get your foot in the door without having to go through years of schooling.

This career is also expected to expand, and there is a 12% growth expected by 2026.

These jobs keep growing because pharmacies keep getting busier. The CDC claims that prescription drug use has become more prevalent in the last 40 years, which means that pharmacies need more employees to keep up with demands.

Want a great job in the medical industry that doesn’t involve years of schooling? Check out this complete guide on how to become a pharmacy technician.

Pharmacy Tech

What is a Pharmacy Technician?

Maybe you have no idea what a pharmacy technician is or what they do, but you’re still interested in working in a pharmacy to avoid all the secondary education. (You do still need a high school diploma or an equivalent).

The role of the technician is important in any pharmacy.

Pharmacy technicians help work under the pharmacist and dispense medications. Some of their jobs may include:

How to Become a Pharmacy Technician

If that sounds interesting to you or if you were already interested in pursuing this career path, you may be wondering how to get that job.

While you will have to go through a background check and have a high school degree or GED, if you don’t need to go to school, then how do you know what you’re doing?

Here’s what you need to know.


A pharmacy technician is a job where you will most likely learn how to do it while you’re at the job rather than going to school for it.

Some technicians do get their associate’s or get certifications, but in some places it’s not required.

In some states, like Hawaii, Colorado, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and New York, don’t make it necessary to have you register with them to work as a pharmacy technician. In other states, you do have to register with the state’s Board of Health, but even then you don’t have to take any extra training.

The only difference is that registering with the board can cost you an application fee which is anywhere from $25 to $150. You will also need to prove your identity, prove you have a high school degree, and also submit to a background check.

This means that all you have to do is apply for the job, get hired, and then you can just start working.

You will receive on-the-job training with the pharmacist, but schooling can be optional and mainly up to you and what you want from it.


The type of training you will receive at the job can vary.

Most likely, you will start by observing and shadowing the pharmacist for a few days so that you can get familiar with the pharmacy, the job, and how it all works.

Once that phase is over, you will start performing some of your own tasks while the pharmacist pays close attention to ensure you’re doing it correctly.

Once it seems like you know what you’re doing and the supervisor trusts you, then you will be able to start working more independently.

If you have had no training before this job, then these phases may take a long time. You could be in training for at least six months and maybe even longer. You will still have a lot to learn at this job.

You may receive different types of training depending on which pharmacy you work for. A private pharmacy will offer less formal training, whereas a larger retail pharmacy may offer a training program. This could consist of on-the-job training as long as classroom training and assistance in being certified.

If you want some more information and training before you actually start the job, you can always look for classes or buy some books and read up on the information. There are also other websites that can help you learn more about your future career. Sometimes there are even internships that you can sign up for.


While there is no formal schooling to become a pharmacy technician, you may need to get a certification to do your job.

Whether you need certifications or not are dependent on your job and which state you live in. Having a certification may make you more appealing to potential employers, so that is important to consider.

A certificate can take about four months to a year to complete, whereas an optional associate’s degree can be two years of full-time school. It depends on which one you decide to get.

There are different ones that you can get as well.

To find valid certificates, you can go through either the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) or the National Healthcareer Association (NHA). These two organizations both offer the Certified Pharmacy Technician certification if you want to take that one.

In order to qualify for that certification through the PTCB, certificate seekers will have to pass an exam. The NHA has applicants take a training program if they don’t have at least a year of experience as a pharmacy technician.

A training program could include classes on and learning stuff about things like:

Both of these boards and organizations require at least a high school diploma or GED to qualify for the certifications.

The PTCB stated that starting in 2020, they will have to make the prospective technicians complete an accredited program to be eligible for the certification.

This certification lasts for two years, and then you will need to renew it by passing a re-certification exam.

You can apply for certification online and take the Pharmacy Technician Certification Exam for $129 with the PTCB.


Because you may not have any training or knowledge of what it takes to be a pharmacy technician, you will need to show that you have other skills that prove you could be at the job.

You will need skills like:

These skills will help show an employer that while you may not have the formal training or knowledge of the job, you have the potential in you.

Finding a Job

So you know how to become a pharmacy technician. You know about the training, certification, and skills you need. But now how do you actually find a job as a pharmacy technician?

If you have no formal training, finding a job maybe a little more difficult, but it’s not impossible.

Because you don’t have the knowledge for the job, you will need to show your potential employer that you have the skills to do the job and also learn how to do it.

Without those skills, an employer will be hesitant to hire you because they know that they will have to spend their time and money training and teaching you. It’s up to you to convince the manager that you are worthy of being trained.

To help you with that, show that you are willing to stay with a company long-term because this will make them more likely to invest in you.

Make sure that you tailor your resume to show that you have qualities like attention to detail, a willingness to learn, and loyalty to your company.

In the interview, you may have to answer questions like:

If you are able to answer these questions and have an awesome interview, your employer may be more willing to hire you and take a chance with you.

Start on Your Path of Becoming a Pharmacy Technician

The biggest takeaway that you should know from this article on how to become a pharmacy technician is that it is completely possible to be hired as a pharmacy technician without any prior training or education.

But you will need some kind of training, which you will most likely receive while at your job.

Are you interested in skipping a path that requires a lot of schooling and just want to start working in a pharmacy now? If you have any more questions about how to become a pharmacy technician or how to find extra training before you start searching for a job, make sure to check out our other health care and medical education articles.

Registered, licensed, or certified pharmacy tech must complete continuing education courses. The courses are a requirement to renew tech registration, license, or certification. Continuing education allows pharmacy technicians to remain current with developments and research in the pharmacy profession.

Pharmacy Tech Continuing Education by State

Requirements for registration, license, and certification vary by state. Hawaii and Pennsylvania currently have no continuing education requirements for pharmacy technicians. Here are some of the states that require pharmacy technicians to complete continuing education:

The above list isn’t extensive. Several additional states require continuing education. Check with your state to learn its requirements.

Why Do Pharmacy Technicians Need Continuing Education?

Pharmacy technicians are responsible for handling the prescription fulfillment process. They also assist pharmacists with daily operations within the pharmacy. A licensed pharmacist supervises technicians in a pharmacy to provide information to customers and dispense medication. You’ll find these technicians working in drugstores, grocery store pharmacies, nursing homes, hospitals, and other medical facilities. Although pharmacy technicians aren’t pharmacists, they still need to understand how drugs work and affect the body.

Online Courses for Pharmacy Technicians

Some states allow pharmacy technicians to take online continuing education courses. Not all states allow this, so check with your state before enrolling in an online course. The courses available to you depend on your state. But the process for enrolling in online courses is basically the same across the board.

Typical Steps for Enrollment

  1. Discover if your state requires continuing education for pharmacy technicians. For example, technicians in Alabama can check with the Alabama State Board of Pharmacy. And in Texas, technicians can check with the Texas State Board of Pharmacy.
  2. If you need the courses, the next step is to discover how many hours are required. And learn if you need to take specific courses. For example, Alabama technicians only need 3 hours of continuing education. But in Texas, technicians need at least 20 hours of continuing education. Of those 20 hours, it’s mandatory to take one course on Texas pharmacy laws and rules and one course on human trafficking prevention.
  3. The course provider must have the approval of your state’s governing board. Most states will supply you with a list of approved course providers.
  4. When choosing an online provider, you’ll register online and complete all courses online. Each course will have a description, the price, and the number of hours you’ll receive for the course.
  5. When you’ve completed the necessary hours, either you or the course provider will submit proof of completion to your state. If your course provider is approved by Educational Review Systems, it also has the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education’s approval. In that case, the course provider will likely electronically report your hours to your state.

Texas Online Courses – For Example Purposes

For example purposes, here are the types of online continuing education courses pharmacy technicians can expect. These example courses are taken from Elite Healthcare’s Texas pharmacy technician continuing education program.

1) A Dose of Professionalism for the Pharmacy Technician

Three hours of continuing education. The course teaches how to:

2) A Review of Immunizations for Pharmacy Technicians

Six hours of continuing education. In this course, technicians learn:

3) A Review of Measles, Mumps, and Rubella for Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians

Four hours of continuing education. After finishing this course, technicians will know how to:

The courses listed above give you an idea of what to expect as a pharmacy technician.

The Pros and Cons of Online Courses

Online courses are more popular than ever before. And due to the Covid-19 pandemic, online courses have made it possible for students to continue their studies. Some states require pharmacy technicians to take at least a few continuing education courses in-person. But more often, it’s possible to take all of the courses from an online course provider. Here are some pros and cons associated with taking these courses online:

Pro – You Can Work at Your Own Pace

Perhaps the biggest advantage of online courses is that you’re not rushed to complete your study. You can study where you want to when you want to, and how you want to. If you want to study at 3 am, that’s fine. If you want to study in your pajamas on a Sunday night, that’s fine, too. The flexibility doesn’t mean the courses are easier than if you were in class. It’s just that you have more control over where, how, and when you study. This is one reason why online continuing education courses are possible. Most pharmacy technicians work full-time and don’t have the time for traditional in-class learning.

Con – You May Worry You’re Not Getting a Good Education

Some people believe that online courses aren’t as good as traditional courses in a classroom. They believe classroom learning is simply more in-depth and educational than courses offered online. If you hold this belief, you might doubt that your online course is sufficient.

Pro – You Can Study from Anywhere

An online course requires a computer with an internet connection. And your study materials are either sent via email or available on the course provider’s website. You don’t have to worry about how you’ll get to class, buying hundreds of dollars worth of textbooks, or missing a class because of some other obligation. Video calls and emails are used to handle correspondence with your instructors.

Con – No In-Person Interactions

Some students like the camaraderie of learning in a classroom. For those students, online learning is sometimes less enjoyable.

Pro – Courses are More Affordable than in the Classroom

Online continuing education courses are often much less than what you’d pay for classroom learning. A course can cost up to $100 less than you’d pay if you were going to class. Also, transportation costs aren’t an issue either. Consider these pros and cons when choosing your course provider. Most states give students a choice between online courses and traditional classroom courses. But no matter what, make sure your course provider is approved by your state.

Pharmacy Technician or Pharmacist: Know the Difference

When choosing your continuing education courses, it’s important to choose the correct courses. Courses for pharmacists and pharmacy technicians are often listed together. But as a technician, you must take care only to choose courses that are for technicians. Read the course description carefully to avoid making this mistake. But also, it helps to know the difference between pharmacists and pharmacy technicians. Both work closely together, but they don’t have the same responsibilities. And as such, the courses they take often differ as well. Pharmacists rely on technicians to perform certain tasks in the pharmacy. But technicians also look to pharmacists for guidance on what to do. They each have their own jobs but work together as a team.

Education Differences

The level of education required is perhaps the biggest difference between pharmacists and pharmacy technicians. In some states, technicians aren’t required to have any formal training or credentials. A high school diploma or GED is all that’s required. Other states require certification or some other form of training before technicians can work in a pharmacy. Although there is not a national education standard, some technicians have to pass the PTCE. The Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) administers the test. PTCB is a national organization that provides pharmacy education, develops pharmacy protocols, and certifies pharmacy technicians. All 50 states recognize PTCB certification – even if the state doesn’t officially require certification. Pharmacy technicians have a choice between several programs that will prepare them to pass the PTCE. Programs are available from online providers, private organizations, and schools and universities. Some pharmacies even offer training programs to their technicians. Not all states require formal training for pharmacy technicians. But when formal training is required, programs normally last between 8 weeks to 2 years – depending on the state. Training programs offered by a pharmacy for its technicians usually have 8 weeks of traditional classroom learning. Then there are up to 6 months of on the job training. Pharmacy technicians have several additional options when it comes to education. Training received from an educational institution will result in earning an associate degree, certificate, or diploma. Earning a certificate usually takes less than a year. And to earn a diploma usually takes 12 to 18 months. But an associate degree usually takes exactly 2 years. Continuing education topics that pharmacy technicians focus on include:

All of these courses teach technicians how to perform daily operations in the pharmacy best. It’s important to input the correct dosage information, correctly process insurance claims, and correctly track pharmacy records. It’s also important for technicians to perform well because pharmacists count on them for assistance. On the other hand, pharmacists are required to have a pharmacology doctorate degree. It takes around 6 years to earn a doctorate. Pharmacists need a degree from a 4-year college or university, followed by 2 years of pre-pharmacy education. Pharmacists are then required to perform a year internship with a licensed pharmacist. All states require pharmacists to become licensed before they can start working. They must pass the North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination test and then register with the pharmacy’s local state board. Pharmacists learn everything that pharmacy technicians learn. But pharmacists must also study chemistry, biology, biochemistry, pharmacology, and more.

The Importance of Pharmacy Technicians

Technicians are on the front line in the pharmacy. Technicians accept prescriptions and are the first point of contact for patients. Once a prescription is approved, technicians find and dispense the correct medication. In short, pharmacists wouldn’t get anything done without technicians there to help. Technicians deal with patients, perform clerical tasks, process insurance claims, and more. However, technicians don’t have the authority to give medical advice.

Pharmacy Technicians and Certification

Some states don’t require pharmacy technicians to have certification. But that doesn’t mean certification isn’t an option. And some pharmacists rely on certification to judge whether or not a technician is knowledgeable enough to work in a pharmacy. That means even if your state doesn’t require certification, you can benefit from becoming certified. Pharmacists look at certification as a demonstration of knowledge. And a technician with certification will likely have the edge over a technician without certification. Also, pharmacy technicians with national certification are certified everywhere. Their credentials travel with them. It’s estimated that around 280,000 pharmacy technicians are currently certified by PTCB. The steps for certification are:

1) Determine if You’re Eligible

Pharmacy technicians must first determine if they can become PTCB certified. There is no age minimum. And pharmacy experience isn’t required. But pharmacy technicians must have a high school diploma or GED. A college degree isn’t required. Applicants for certification must also disclose their criminal background – if any. It’s also mandatory for applicants to report if any state pharmacy board has taken action against them. A criminal history, especially one including drug-related crimes, can hurt an applicant’s chance at certification. Applicants aren’t automatically disqualified if they have a criminal history. The PTCB will review all applications fairly. Applicants are still encouraged to apply, even if they have a criminal history.

2) Pass the Certification Exam

To become PTCB certified, applicants must pass the Pharmacy Technician Certification Exam. Applicants preparing for this test are encouraged to enroll in a training course for pharmacy technicians. It’s best if the course is accredited, preferably by a pharmacist organization. For example, courses by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists are nationally accredited. Courses by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education are nationally accredited, as well. Applicants preparing for the exam can also make use of additional study tools. There are books, smartphone apps, and flashcards that can help technicians study for the exam. Most notably, the PTCB has a practice exam easily accessible online. However, passing the practice exam doesn’t guarantee a passing score on the actual exam.

3) Apply for the Exam Online

Pharmacy technicians who want to take the exam must register with the PTCB online. The application for certification and the test currently cost $129. Technicians currently employed by a pharmacy may be able to get the pharmacy to cover the fee. Any applicants who need special assistance, such as those with hearing or sight issues, can request assistance on the application. After the application is approved, candidates for certification have 90 days to schedule and take the exam. The exam is administered through Pearson VUE, a computer-based testing company. It’s possible to reschedule or cancel an exam up to 24 hours before the event. It’s also possible to withdraw an application completely within the 90 day period. A portion of the exam fee is generally refunded.

4) Complete the Exam and Receive Results

Arriving at least 30 minutes before the exam is recommended. A valid government-issued photo ID is also required. No other personal items are allowed in the testing room. But lockers are provided to store personal items. The official exam results become available online 2 to 3 weeks after the exam. Pharmacy technicians who pass the exam will receive their certification 4 to 6 weeks after passing the exam. The pass rate for the certification exam is currently 57 percent. Anyone who fails can take the exam 3 additional times, but a 60 day waiting period is required. After the third fail, the applicant must wait at least 6 months before retaking the exam. Note that it’s necessary to reapply and pay the fee again for each exam attempt.

5) Remaining Certified

Certified pharmacy technicians must complete 20 hours of continuing education every 2 years to remain PTCB certified. And all course credits must come from courses that are specifically for pharmacy technicians. Failure to earn continuing education hours means the certification will expire. After that point, there is a 1 year reinstatement period in which to renew certification. If certification isn’t renewed within that year, it’s necessary to start over and retake the exam.

Jordan Fabel

Jordan Fabel

Covering different 'paths' that people's lives can take. Creative, foster parent, ticket dismissal, you get the idea. Exploring the requirements, certifications, exams, and obviously, approved courses along each path.